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第六届国际机构与机器史学术研讨会在北京召开
    发布时间:2018-10-16

  2018926-28日,第六届国际机器与机构史学术研讨会(The 6th International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms)在北京召开。会议由国际机构与机器学历史委员会(The IFToMM Permanent Commission for History of Mechanism and Machine Science)主办,由中国科学院自然科学史研究所承办。来自中国大陆、中国台湾、意大利、荷兰、西班牙、土耳其、墨西哥等国家和地区的50名专家学者出席这次国际研讨会,会议文集由施普林格出版社刊出。

  与会者围绕“机器与机构的历史和遗产”这一主题,分专题研讨了工程师、机械设计、古代机械、近现代机械、技术教育等议题,展现了古代世界技术的多样性和共性、技术现代化、技术跨国转移等历史图景。会议特别关注机器人、智能机器、人机系统等技术及相关产业的历史和当代发展态势,分析产学研之间的合作与互动关系,这种研讨对思考科技与产业发展战略问题也是有启发的。

  国际机构与机器学联盟(IFToMM)前主席、意大利卡西诺大学机械工程与机械史专家切卡雷利(Marco Ceccarelli)教授强调:“历史研究会为我们当代科技工作提供宽阔的视野和思想源泉,激发对未来发展的创造热情。机器与机构史研讨会历来注重技术系统及其应用的演变,并且探讨社会和文化对技术发展的影响。”自然科学史研究所所长张柏春研究员认为:“我们的文化自信和创新自信应当在开放的心态和全球化的视野中树立起来。在全球科技史的大舞台上,我们可以通过跨文化的比较研究,对世界科技的发展和我们自己的发明创造都有更为清晰的认识。这有利于我们克服某些狭隘的理解,从宏大的历史中汲取经验和智慧。”

  国际机器与机构史学术研讨会通常是每四年举行一次,第一届于2000年在意大利卡西诺大学举行。下次研讨会将在西班牙召开。

 

大会合影

 

 

 

论文目录

Contents

  Chapter 1: Engineers and their stories

  Mechanics (Machines) in Ishaq Efendi, the Chief Instructor of Military School in the Ottomans

  Melek Dosay G?kdo?an

  Giuseppe Ceredi. A Hydraulic Engineer in 16th-Century Italy

  Luigi Traetta

  The Innovation process of the First Curved Mold Caster in China

  Lifang Lei et.al

  Shen Hong (1906-1998),A Legendary Engineer and China’s Modern Machinery Industry

  Lie Sun

  JAN ODERFELD (1908-2010). Retrospective Memories of the Past

  Janusz Wawrzecki

  An Overview on the Studies of the History of Machinery in China

  Baichun Zhang Yexing Liu

  Chapter 2: History of machine design

  History of Human Powered Oil Expeller: A Literature Review

  Siraj Sheikh

  Literature Review on the Developments of Rice Milling Machines

  M. Sohail Pervez et.al

  Modeling an Antique Grinding Mill of Guanajuato Silver Mines

  Juan Jauregui et.al

  The Hydraulic Tilt Hammer in Ancient China

  Xiaolei Shi

  Reconstruction and Analysis of Zhan’s Sand Clock in the 14th Century

  Yu-Hsun Chen, Hong-Sen Yan

  Exploration of Ancient Machinery: From Reconstruction Research to Exhibition and Science Education

  Jian-Liang Lin et.al

  Relationships between paper mills and technological evolution of paper production

  Silvia Gargaro et.al

  Light drawings: representation and design

  Emanuela Chiavoni

  Chapter 3: Ancient mechanisms

  Mechanisms in Heron’s automata as technological transfer and cultural means

  Roberto Bragastini

  Analysis and reconstruction of a platform with ball bearings in Roman ships of Nemi lake

  Pier Gabriele Molari et.al

  Application and Influence of Flap Valve Mechanism on Ancient Bellows

  Xing Huang, Lingfeng Li

  Mechanisms 26 and 30 of "the book of secrets" of Ibn Khalaf Al-Muradi

  Rafael López-García et.al

  The astrolabe: a mechanism for reading the stars

  Barbara Aterini

  Mathematical Instruments used in the Military Engineering Academies of Ottomans

  Irem Aslan Seyhan

  Chapter 4: History of modern technology

  Transfer of Modern High Draft Technology to China

  Xuan Su

  A Brief Introduction to the Steam Locomotives Made in China

  Zhizhong Zhang

  From the Unimate to the Delta robot: the early decades of Industrial Robotics

  Alessandro Gasparetto

  Towards GIM, the Global Intelligent Machine

  Teun Koetsier

  Historical development of BHR humanoid robots

  Qiang Huang et.al

  Teaching Wonder (from 3rd century BCE to 21st century CE)

  Nadia Ambrosetti

  The scientific background of the Russian Revolution

  Agamenon Oliveira