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中国科学院科学技术史大讲堂第三十三讲:20世纪的美国科学:曼哈顿计划、罗伯特·奥本海默和原子弹
    发布时间:2014-06-09

  以历史的视野探究科学与技术,从科学的历史吸取智慧和力量 

  中国科学院科学技术史大讲堂第三十三讲 

  主讲人:Joseph W. Dauben (美国纽约市立大学教授)

  主题: American Science in the 20th Century: The Manhattan Project, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and the Atomic Bomb

  20世纪的美国科学:曼哈顿计划、罗伯特·奥本海默和原子弹 

  时  间:2014620日(周五)下午230-500

  地点:自然科学史研究所学术报告厅 

  主持人:方在庆研究员(中国科学院自然科学史研究所) 

  主办单位: 

  中国科学院自然科学史研究所 

  协办单位: 

  中国科学技术出版社(暨科普出版社)协办 

  欢迎参加! 

  主讲人及演讲主题简介: 

 

  Joseph W. Dauben Distinguished Professor of Herbert H. Lehman College, City University of New York, Ph.D. Program in History, The Graduate Center, CUNY.

  Joseph W. Dauben is a member effectif of the International Academy of History of Science and a corresponding member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. He has been editor of Historia Mathematica, an international journal for the history of mathematics, and chairman of the International Commission on the History of Mathematics. A graduate of Claremont McKenna College (A.B. '66) and Harvard University (A.M., Ph.D. '72), Professor Dauben has been a member of the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton) and Clare Hall (Cambridge), and the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Senior ACLS Fellowship.

  American Science in the 20th Century: The Manhattan Project, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and the Atomic Bomb

This lecture will focus on the effort by allied scientists during World War II to construct the first atomic bomb, eventually used to devastating effect to end the war in the Pacific against Japan. But this story begins in a seminar room at the University of Göttingen, in Germany, where three leading figures of modern science, David Hilbert, James Franck, and Bax Born conducted a weekly seminar devoted to atomic physics. Among the students attending that seminar was J. Robert Oppenheimer, later to become famous as the “father” of the atomic bomb. The top-secret project to build the bomb was code-named “The Manhattan Project” which coordinated scientific research at a number of different locations, including Los Alamos in New Mexico, where the first atomic bomb was successfully tested on July 16, 1945. Less than a month later, two bombs were deployed against Japan, the first a uranium bomb dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6; the second, a plutonium bomb, was dropped three days later on Nagasaki, on August 9. Although many of the scientists involved in the Manhattan Project tried to prevent its being used against Japan, they were unsuccessful in doing so, which raises important questions about the social responsibilities of scientists for the uses to which their research may be put. To what degree can the scientist be said to be responsible for the extra-scientific consequences of his or her work? How active should scientists be in pursuing the social implications of their theoretical work? Should moral, social, or political factors ever influence a scientist or the scientific community in making decisions about whether to follow a given line of research development? These are among the questions this lecture will pose and seek to answer in drawing to a conclusion this discussion of the research of atomic scientists which led to the first use of an atomic bomb that eventually brought about an end to the Second World War.

  本系列讲座由中国科学院自然科学史研究所主办,中国科学技术出版社(暨科普出版社)协办。讲座对社会公众开放,欢迎广大师生、科技史爱好者等参加。 

  联系人:王莹、曹希敬 

  电话:010-57552517 邮件:kyc@ihns.ac.cn 

  大讲堂博客:http://blog.sina.com.cn/kejidajiangtang 

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